On January 19, the SJC issued its decision in Commonwealth v. Plasse, ruling that a court may, in certain circumstances, incarcerate a defendant for the sole purpose of addiction treatment.
The background was as follows. The defendant received a one year continuance without a finding for stealing video games from Walmart. The one year probationary period was ultimately extended for an additional two years (for a total of three years of probation) because the defendant repeatedly tested positive for controlled substances and was kicked out of a number of treatment programs due to lack of compliance. Having already been detained during the course of the probationary period as a result of these various violations, the defendant eventually asked for a committed sentence of nine months and specifically requested to be sent to the Howard Street jail facility in Hampden County, as there was a particular substance use disorder treatment program at the facility in which the defendant wanted to participate. The judge calculated that the incarceration term would need to be nine months to participate in the Howard Street program. The judge then sentenced the defendant to two years of incarceration, which exceeded the eighteen month recommendation of the probation officer and the nine month request of the defendant. The judge stated that he was not punishing the defendant, but rather that he was making sure that she got the help that she needed. The defendant subsequently filed an appeal, arguing that the judge unfairly considered the length of a jail rehabilitation program in determining the length of the sentence. Continue reading →